“NIST’s Cybersecurity Framework has provided us with a comprehensive roadmap to ensure effective cybersecurity practices are implemented across Government.”
– Hon. Wayne M. Caines, JP, MP., Minister of National Security
Benefits Received from Implementing the Framework:
- Alignment of information systems with business security needs across ministries and departments.
- Identification of information gaps and security controls deficiencies to focus on specific areas for improvement.
- Identification of relevant guidance in each area of program development.
- Support of informed governance and management at the department, executive and Cabinet levels.
- Difficult to consistently manage cybersecurity risk across all Government ministries and departments.
- Information systems environment contained centralized and decentralized components.
- Security requirements were inconsistently established on a system-by-system basis.
- Personal Information Protection Act 2016 established penalties including fines and potential imprisonment if reasonable security measures are not implemented to protect sensitive personal information.
- Government’s increasing dependence on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to process sensitive information and provide critical services.
- Cybersecurity seen as an important component to economic resilience for the island.
- Cybersecurity leadership needed for Government and Critical National Infrastructure entities within the jurisdiction.
- Recognition of the need for information systems and security governance was met with the political will to initiate programs.
- High-profile Fintech Initiatives were launched.
- The cyberthreat environment intensified.
- Island needed to increase cyber awareness internally and in the wider community.
- Continuous investment was needed by all stakeholders in order to enhance their collective ability to protect their systems and data.
- Cabinet Cybersecurity Committee established to provide oversight of the Information Systems Risk Management Programme development and administration.
- Self-assessment performed using the NIST Cybersecurity Framework to identify gaps in information, control deficiencies and areas of high risk.
- Asset identification, valuation and categorization performed by each department to reduce information gaps identified during the initial self-assessment.
- Control deficiencies and risk ratings identified and used to create prioritized action plan.
- Results of the self-assessment garnered Cabinet support for remediation initiatives.
- Informative references used to provide guidance in areas such as policy development and implementation steps.
- Regular reporting of security posture to Cabinet using the Cybersecurity Framework as a dashboard.
- Strategic partnerships with public and private entities were formed to develop the jurisdictional Cybersecurity Strategy.
Results and Impacts
- Consistent standardized approach to address business security across all ministries and departments.
- Addressing complex cybersecurity risks across organization more manageable.
- Security activities more closely aligned with business needs.
- Information System Risk Management Committee established to ensure program, policies and standards were developed in a collaborative manner focused on stakeholder needs.
- Development of policies and processes that enable the risk management program.
- Close integration with records management and privacy policies and processes.
- Implementation of regular training for staff and information security professionals.
- Dashboard for system owners and authorizing officials.
- Integration of quantitative methods into the risk assessment processes.
- Closer work with Government’s Internal Audit Department.
- Work with the Disaster Risk Reduction and Mitigation Unit on jurisdiction-wide cybersecurity response.
- Enhancement of educational programs to encourage further integration of computer science in curricula and to provide further professional development opportunities for information security professionals
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Article Reference and Credit: https://www.nist.gov/cyberframework/success-stories/government-bermuda